Why Do We Burn Crackers On Diwali
- January 14, 2022
New Delhi: Ahead of Diwali, several states have taken a major decision to ban firecrackers due to the rising cases of coronavirus and pollution.Diwali is celebrated as it is believed that on this day Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana and completing his 14 years of exile.To mark the joyous occasion, the citizens of Ayodhya decorated the entire city with the earthen lamps to signify the victory of light over darkness.Hence, Diwali is called the festival of lights and not sounds,” author Anand Neelakantan, who has written many novels, inspired by Hindu mythology told Asian Age.Over time, it assumed religious significance of symbolizing the victory of good over evil and got tagged along with Diwali too, as well as other festivals. .
Why do we love Firecrackers on Diwali?
Even today, I am fascinated with Diwali because of its characteristics features which turn every house, lane and city looks bejeweled and prosperous.Lots of questions popped up now about this typical way of celebrating by lighting firecrackers worth hundreds and thousands of rupees.Chinese New Year, Independence Day of USA, Japanese Festival (Hanabi Takai) or Diwali in India, these colorful explosives are obligatory to express human happiness.Bursting firecrackers are risky as it contains highly inflammable explosives though with lower intensity but can cause severe and fatal accidents too.“Engaging in risky behaviors is very reinforcing for people,” says Marry Cain, Associate Professor of Psychology at Kansas State University.If we take note of what both psychologists said, India is completely dissolved in several traditions, Diwali Celebration is one of them.Another very possible reason of our fascination with Fireworks is that they are easily available only for a few days of the year during Diwali; India’s victory over Pakistan in a cricket match or a wedding ceremony being exceptions to this. .
A firecracker (cracker, noise maker, banger,) is a small explosive device primarily designed to produce a large amount of noise, especially in the form of a loud bang, usually for celebration or entertainment; any visual effect is incidental to this goal.The key to loud firecrackers, however, although in part lying in the propellant substance, is pressure.James Dyer Ball, in his book Things Chinese, has a detailed description about the process and material used for making firecrackers at the end of the 19th century.The bamboo paper was cut into strips of 14 inches (360 mm) long and 1⁄3 inch (8.5 mm) wide, laid on a table; a string of gunpowder was placed at the center with a hollow tube, then twisted up to make a piece of fuse.The firecracker tubes were made from pieces of straw paper wrapped around iron rods of various diameters and then tightened with a special tool.200 to 300 firecrackers were tied up in a bunch, then red clay was spread at the bottom of the bunch and forced into each end of the firecracker with a punch; gunpowder was poured in, then the other end was sealed with an awl by turning the tube inward, and a fuse inserted.After India's National Green Tribunal (NGT) enacted a ban on the sale and use of crackers on Diwali festival in 2020, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) developed green crackers made from cleaner raw materials which reduce emissions by suppressing the production of dust; their emissions are 30% lower but are also are of reduced loudness at 110-125 decibels instead of the more than 160 decibels of traditional firecrackers.However, green crackers still contain harmful pollutants such as aluminium, barium, potassium nitrate and carbon.Individual Mandarin crackers were most often braided into "strings" of varying lengths, which, when ignited, exploded in rapid sequence.Generally, the strings (sometimes containing as many as several thousand crackers) would be hung from an overhead line before ignition.Most Mandarin crackers were colored all red and did not generally have designs or logos decorating their exterior surface (or "shell wraps").Once flash powder, which produces a significantly sharper and brighter bang, replaced black powder as a firecracker's explosive charge (circa 1924), manufacturers began competing to gain loyalty of typical consumers (that is, mainly boys eight to 16 years old).Two men dressed as colonial soldiers carry a banner, exploding firecrackers, commemorating Guy Fawkes and his co-conspirators as part of Lewes Bonfire Night celebrations.Firecrackers are commonly used in celebration of holidays or festivals, such as Halloween, Independence Day (also known as the Fourth of July) in the United States, Diwali in India, Eid al-Fitr in Southeast Asia, Tihar in Nepal, Day of Ashura in Morocco, Guy Fawkes Night or Bonfire Night in the United Kingdom, Halloween in Ireland, Bastille Day in France, Spanish Fallas, in almost every cultural festival of Sri Lanka (e.g. Sri Lankan New Year), New Year's Eve and New Year's Day, and in the celebration of Chinese New Year by Chinese communities around the world.In most states and territories, firecrackers are illegal without a permit and part of a display by a licensed pyrotechnician. Tasmania, ACT and Northern Territory allow consumer use with a permit (dependent on calendar date).Firecrackers are not authorized under the Explosives Act, thus making importation, possession, transportation, storage, or manufacturing illegal in Canada.While it is rumoured that the children inside the tent had been smoking, this is unsubstantiated and makes no sense considering the firework ban by authorities.The use of firecrackers is regulated by the Law on Explosive Substances and the Production and Trading of Weapons (Croatian: Zakon o eksplozivnim tvarima te proizvodnji i prometu oružja). Each year since 1993, between 15 December and 8 January, the police carries out the "Peace and good" action with the aim of prevention of people from getting hurt and violating public order.For a legal guardian of a child under the age of 14 who have used pyrotechnic articles, fine ranges between 1,000 and 3,000 kunas (€135 - €405).An unusual[clarification needed] feature is that many residents in major cities look down on street-level fireworks from their tower blocks.Before, mid-size kiinanpommi or kiinari ("Chinese bomb") and tykinlaukaus and large tykäri ("artillery shot") had become cheap and common products that were often used by children after the celebration, leading to accidents.In October and November, farmers from Punjab and Haryana burn agricultural waste and the weather tends not to be windy, so Delhi's air pollution usually increases, which has been a major environmental problem since 2002.In October 2017, the Supreme Court banned firecrackers in Delhi, as a result of which the industry said it faced losses of Rs 1,000-crore and consequently layoffs.After India's National Green Tribunal (NGT) ordered a ban in the NCR region on the sale and use of crackers in 2020, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) developed "green crackers" that used less polluting raw materials. Nonetheless, many firecrackers were used to celebrate the Diwali holiday in 2020, immediately after which Delhi's air pollution was over 9 times the level that the World Health Organization considers safe.Firecrackers and fireworks are generally forbidden in public during the Chinese New Year, especially in areas with significant non-Chinese populations, to avoid conflict between the two.The usage of firecrackers is legal in some metropolitan areas such as Jakarta and Medan, where the degree of racial and cultural tolerance is higher. Injuries involving the use or ingestion of "Piccolo" sticks account for the majority of firecracker-related incidents in the country. However in December 2020, firecrackers were banned in some areas of Metro Manila to prevent injuries and avoid mass gatherings in the region due to the COVID-19 pandemic.Some provinces and municipalities outside of Metro Manila also imposed a firecracker ban to make sure that minimum health protocols will be observed during the new year celebration.A partial ban on firecrackers was imposed in March 1970 after a fire killed six people and injured 68. and an attack on two police officers attempting to stop a group from letting off firecrackers in February 1972.Other occasions where firecrackers are allowed to be set off are determined by the tourism board or other government organizations. Under the supervision of the fire and police departments, Los Angeles regularly lights firecrackers every New Year's Eve, mostly at temples and the shrines of benevolent associations.The San Francisco Chinese New Year Parade, the largest outside China, is accompanied by numerous firecrackers, both officially sanctioned and illicit.
A brief and crackling history of fireworks in India
Gunpowder — the accidental tenth or eleventh century invention of medieval Chinese alchemists — was early on dubbed as “devil’s distillate,” as it terrified and fascinated onlookers with its flash and bang.One of the earliest notes of pyrotechnical shows in India is made by Abdur Razzaq, the ambassador of the Timurid Sultan Shahrukh to the court of the Vijayanagar king Devaraya II in 1443.Describing the events of the Mahanavami festival, Razzaq wrote, “One cannot without entering into great detail mention all the various kinds of pyrotechny and squibs and various other arrangements which were exhibited”.Fireworks and pyrotechnic shows existed as a form of royal entertainment in many medieval Indian kingdoms during festivals, events and special occasions like weddings.Manufacturing formulas for fireworks describing pyrotechnic mixtures are found within Kautukachintamani, a Sanskrit volume by Gajapati Prataparudradeva (1497-1539), a reputed royal author from Orissa.It is notable that Ibrahim Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur, circa 1609 AD gave a lavish dowry in the wedding of his courtier’s daughter to the son to Nizam Shahi general Malik Ambar, “with Rs.Duarte Barbosa, a writer and officer of Portuguese India who wrote some of the earliest pieces of travel literature, described a Brahmin wedding in Gujarat from his travels (circa 1518) where the bride and bridegroom “are entertained by the people with dancing and songs, firing of bombs and rockets in plenty, for their pleasure.” His description, according to Gode, also suggested that the fireworks had been manufactured in India and were available in plenty in Gujarat at the time.Peshwayanchi Bakhar, a Maratha chronicle text, mentions a recounted account of Diwali celebration in the Kotah (modern Kota, Rajasthan).What generally seems apparent from the sparing descriptions of crackers and fireworks in medieval India is not only their grand nature, but also that they were probably quite expensive and hence commissioned mainly by the rulers for personal and citizen entertainment or by the economically well-to-do of the community.In the colonial era, it is likely that like most indigenous industries, India’s fireworks production and development also took a setback, with imports from Europe and China appearing in the Indian market.It is plausible to theorise that, unlike in the colonial and medieval eras, with increase in the population and economic prosperity of the Indian middle class — especially in the last three decades — and with ready supply coming in from the flourishing domestic industry, bursting of firecrackers only grew and never looked back. .
People can burst crackers from 6-9 pm this Diwali
Setting the timeframe for bursting firecrackers on Diwali night, the police have said the residents can burn crackers from 6pm to 9pm only and anyone who is found violating the norm would be taken to task.In the meanwhile, the district administration has selected 10 traders out of over 1,006 applicants for putting up stalls at the New Amritsar ground for selling firecrackers. .
Celebrate Diwali with Fireworks
One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, Diwali symbolizes the spiritual “victory of light over darkness, good over evil and knowledge over ignorance.”.The ‘Festival Of Lights’ is one of the most joyous occasions for Hindus and is also one of the biggest shopping seasons of the year in India as participants buy gifts for themselves, as well as for their friends and families.Celebrators wear their finest clothes, illuminate their homes with candles, enjoy family feasts, share gifts, worship and light fireworks!The scale of celebrations has become such that popular U.S. tourist spots like Disneyland and New York’s Times Square get painted in vibrant Indian colors and banners that read: Happy Diwali.It’s easy to celebrate Diwali with a wide-ranging group of people, and it has become a point of pride for many Indian Americans to share their culture.Commonly referred to as “Indian Christmas,” this Hindu New Year is a great opportunity to spread awareness about Diwali traditions while connecting diverse cultures and religions right here in the United States.Another great way to share Diwali tradition is with an authentic “puja potluck” complete with tikka, curry, biryani, roti, poori, paneer, and plenty of desserts.
Diwali 2021: Can you burst crackers in your state?
As India cautiously prepares for the upcoming Diwali celebrations, several states in the country have banned the bursting of firecrackers.The Delhi government has also launched a ''Patake Nahi, Diya Jalao' campaign to motivate people to embrace tradition and eliminate pollution on Diwali.The order came even as Ecology & Environment Minister Anand Singh said, earlier this week, that the government would not ban firecrackers.However, on Friday, the Calcutta High Court banned the sale, purchase and use of all firecrackers during Kali Puja, Diwali celebrations and other festivities this year to check air pollution.The sale of firecrackers has been allowed in the city from October 27 to November 7, but the department has urged people to not burst crackers that create noise higher than 125 decibels. .
Diwali is celebrated for various cultural reasons, but historically, it is called Naraka Chaturdashi because Narakasura, a very cruel king, was killed by Krishna on this day.A festival meant we got up at four in the morning, and very actively, lots of things happened all over the house.To bring this culture back to people, Isha celebrates four important festivals: Pongal or Makarasankranti, Mahashivrathri, Dussehra and Guru Purnima.The passage, the secret of life is to see everything with a ‘non-serious’ eye, yet be absolutely involved — like a game.That is why the most profound aspects of life are approached in a celebratory way so that you don’t miss the point.The idea of Diwali is to bring that aspect of celebration into your life — that is why the firecrackers—to set fire to you a bit!Concern about air pollution is not a reason to prevent kids from experiencing the joy of firecrackers.Ranked amongst the fifty most influential people in India, Sadhguru is a yogi, mystic, visionary and bestselling author. .
Can Christians celebrate Diwali?
The lights are hung, the candles lit, the feast prepared, the New Year is almost here, families gather and the children wait to hear the dramatic re-telling of stories from the ancient past.No, it is not Christmas, nor is it Hanukkah or Kwanzaa; steeped in mythical tales, religious devotion, and socio-cultural importance, it is the Hindu festival of Diwali, celebrated in India and throughout its diaspora spread across the world.For Sikhs it is a commemoration of “the day of freedom” when one of their revered gurus, Guru Har Gobind Ji was released from imprisonment.For Hindus the festival is the beginning of a New Year, a time for prosperity and new ventures, a celebration of the brother-sister relationship and the prevalence of truth over falsehood and light overcoming the darkness.Local Hindu and Jain temples and Sikh gurudwaras will host Diwali celebrations featuring hundreds of lights and lanterns, Indian curries and festive music played on harmoniums (keyboard), tablas (drum) and tambours (a stringed instrument).With this in mind Pramod Aghamkar, Executive Director of Satsang Ministries, started celebrating "Christian Diwalis" a few yeas ago in Dayton, Ohio.Some scholars of South Asian religion and Hindu traditions offered some perspective as they debated the saliency of a "Christian Diwali.".Another participant in the academic dialogue offered that since, in India, Christianity is a minority religion, "this might be an expression of having to find their way in a world that is primarily Hindu.". .
Diwali 2019: Stay Safe This Diwali; A Comprehensive Guide To
Prevention of the burns by using safe methods to burst crackers is the only way to make our Diwali joyful and injury free.There is a common myth that holding the injury under running water will cause blebs (blisters), however this is not true.Eye injury due to cracker is an emergency and may lead to blindness if not treated properly.There is also the likelihood that a spark may catch onto a person's clothes and build into a larger fire.Pour buckets of room temperature water onto the person and extinguish the fire as soon as possible.It is also useful to kept 3-4 buckets of water ready in case a burn injury occurs.Although inhalational injuries are rare in cracker burns as it happens in open spaces, sometimes there is the possibility that the patient suffers from inhalation injuries that arises out of breathing in the fumes that come out of fire.Within 3-4 days of inhaling these toxic fumes, a person can develop ARDS - acute respiratory distress syndrome.These type of injures are dangerous to life and should be treated aggressively in hospitals.When there are fires in enclosed spaces, and since the situation is stressful, a person may tend to take in more breaths than normal.Some signs of an inhalation injury are singeing of the hair, burning, swelling or redness around the lips and nose.Diwali: Seek medical hep immediately after a burn from cracker.Facial burns need to be admitted - greater chances of inhalation injury.Patients should liberally take painkillers to deal with the pain unless they are suffering from kidney or liver dysfunction.To avoid such serious conditions and to preserve the environment it is advised to celebrate a eco-friendly Diwali without crackers.(Dr. Madhusudhan G., Lead and Senior Consultant - Plastic Surgery, Aster CMI Hospital).NDTV is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. .