What Kind Of Flour To Use To Make Cookies
- July 17, 2022
There's variability, of course, and playing around with this key ingredient can make your cookies chewy, crispy, cakey, or extremely soft.We stuck to five of the most popular varieties and combinations of flours that professional bakers swear by, keeping all other variables constant.We used the classic Nestlé Toll House cookie formula as our base recipe and simply swapped out the flour, keeping the quantity the same. .
Which Flour Is Best For Cookies?
When it comes to baking perfect chocolate chip cookies, it sounds so simple.Keep reading to check out all the awesome cookie science results.Chocolate chip cookies were one of the first things I remember attempting on my own in the kitchen.And what I remember most is that every time I attempted chocolate chip cookies the results always differed.Understanding how the ingredients function will help you achieve the perfect cookie in the end.This means that the flour can be responsible for making our cookies: chewy, cakey, even dry and crumbly.Amount Of Flour Used – incorrect measuring can result in a cookie that is dry and crumbly vs. chewy and delicous.For example, a cookie where you want it to hold their shape – like shortbread or biscotti – more flour will be used in proportion to the liquid.This protein, like a slinky can stretch and expand which means it can provide lots of structure and shape (aka rolling it into thin sheets of puffy pastry), can trap gasses (aka carbon dioxide when baking bread), and provide that chewiness we love (think breads, and al dente pastas).Which means the amount of gluten that forms will vary based on the type of flour that you choose to use.Of course to fully understand what happened with each cookie batch made with the different flours.The higher the protein content, the more structure it will provide for your cookies.But this flour can also be used to give more structure to your chocolate chip cookies.This is your go to flour for cakes and other baked goods where tenderness is favorable.But you can also try using cake flour in your muffins, scones, even your cookies for a tender baked good in the end.You will also notice a difference in color with this flour and that is again due to the fact that all 3 parts of the kernel are used.Best Used For: Cookies, Bread, Waffles, Pancakes, Pizza dough, Pasta.Because most Americans measure by volume (aka you use your measuring cups) instead of by weight (using a kitchen scale) the amount of flour that ends up in the cup can vary.Stuff it to the brim the point you have to sit it on it in order to zip it (yup I’m this kind of packer).I always use either a small spatula or the back of a butter knife to get this part done.This chocolate chip cookie recipe used 1 1/2 cups unbleached all purpose flour.Here are the results of the cookie tests I did with changing the type (or amount) of flour used.As you can tell just by changing the flour resulted in quite a different cookie each time.The bread flour gave it a little more structure due to the higher protein content.Because cake flour has a lower protein content this cookie I found was a bit softer and more delicate.This cookie was probably the closest in texture and appearance compared to the control recipe.But I will say that I noticed that the cookie didn’t spread as much, have quite the same crispy edges and was a bit softer.Because bleached flour has a slightly lower protein content than unbleached flour due to the bleaching process, it did change the texture slightly.I added in an extra 1/2 cup of flour to the control recipe.Because of the extra flour, the cookie was thicker and didn’t spread as much.Without the right amount of flour to provide structure, this cookie spread into a big old puddle.So if you find your cookies spread too much, then it may be due to the wrong of amount of flour used.Just changing the type of flour or the amount can yield very different cookies!If you like this cookie science post, let me know and leave me a comment and star rating below! .
Chocolate Chip Cookies Made With Bread Flour
CHEWY Chocolate Chip Cookies Made With Bread Flour!My husband declares this the best chocolate chip cookie recipe!This easy recipe makes 2 dozen homemade cookies.My husband won’t stop talking about these Chocolate Chip Cookies!These Chocolate Chip Cookies Made with Bread Flour are so chewy and delicious!Who knew bread flour could transform a cookie to be so good!Cover the dough bowl with plastic (or bee’s wrap– my new favorite kitchen tool!).Now roll the dough into smallish balls and place on a nonstick cookie sheet or silicone baking mats.I love the mix of sweet and salty so I add a little dash of sea salt on each cookie.Bake for 12-14 minutes or until golden brown and out comes the most delicious Chocolate Chip Cookies!This recipe makes 2 dozen cookies, but good luck not having them all eaten in a day!I hope you enjoy these Chocolate Chip Cookies made with Bread Flour!This beautiful mug is made by White Peach Pottery – I’m in love with everything they make!Their mugs make me feel fancy when eating cookies and tea!). .
Chocolate Chip Cookies
In a large bowl, combine the sugars, butter, shortening, salt, vanilla and almond extracts, vinegar, and baking soda, beating until smooth and creamy.For enticing salty-sweet flavor, sprinkle a touch of sea salt atop the cookies before putting them in the oven, if desired. .
How to Make Cookies
Each product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team.Cookies come in all shapes, sizes, and flavors — but one thing they have in common is they depend on the right ingredients, techniques, and tools to make them the best they can be.Finally, we'll take a deeper dive into choosing the right cookie ingredients and highlight some essential cooking-making tools you'll need.Once you feel comfortable with making a type of cookie, you can start to put your own personal spin on it.Unless your recipe says otherwise, you'll always use large-size eggs, unsalted butter and nuts, and pure extracts of vanilla or almond.Successful baking relies on the correct ratio of ingredients, so be sure to measure accurately.For the best results, lightly spoon flour into a dry measuring cup and level with a knife.Chill dough for cut-out cookies, and soften it up at room temperature for a few minutes before rolling out.Adjust baking times to achieve the cookie texture you crave.Have all ingredients at room temperature before mixing the dough, unless your recipe specifically says otherwise.Some cookie recipes require a creaming step in which the fat and sugars are beaten together until light-colored and fluffy.Other cookie recipes require a sandy texture, so the fat is cut into the flour.Over-mixing can incorporate too much air into the dough, resulting in flat, overly spread-out cookies.How to make cookies flatter: If you want your cookies on the flat side, you can do some or all of the following things: Use all butter, use all-purpose flour or bread flour, increase the sugar content slightly, add a bit of liquid to your dough, and bring the dough to room temperature before baking.If you want your cookies on the flat side, you can do some or all of the following things: Use all butter, use all-purpose flour or bread flour, increase the sugar content slightly, add a bit of liquid to your dough, and bring the dough to room temperature before baking.How to make cookies puffier: For light, puffy cookies, use shortening or margarine and cut back on the amount of fat; add an egg, cut back on the sugar, use cake flour or pastry flour, use baking powder instead of baking soda, and refrigerate your dough before baking.How to make cookies chewier: Try melting the butter before adding it to the sugars when mixing.Baking powder is a combination of bicarbonate of soda plus cream of tartar, an acidic ingredient.Cookies are made primarily with butter, margarine or shortening, and each behaves differently.In fact, butter is an essential flavor agent in certain cookies, such as shortbreads.If cookies spread more than you'd like them to, try lowering the amount of butter, sugar, or baking soda in the recipe.If cookies spread more than you'd like them to, try lowering the amount of butter, sugar, or baking soda in the recipe.won't spread as much and will hold their shape better because shortening has a much higher melting point than butter.To make up for the drying effect of the egg whites, extra sugar is often added.This is why cookies made with just egg whites tend to be so sweet — think of light and airy French macarons.Just a tablespoon or two of water or other liquid will help your cookies spread into flatter and crisper rounds.allow air movement and help cookies bake evenly, but they can be expensive.To keep cookies from sticking to the baking sheet, buy an inexpensive roll of parchment paper or invest in a nonstick silicone baking mat to make cookie removal and clean-up easy.Note that silicone baking mats don't slide off cookie sheets as easily as parchment paper.More: This handy temperature conversion chart shows Fahrenheit to Celsius equivalents. .
Making cookies with bread flour
At King Arthur, we offer many different flours, all of which are suitable for various types of baking.Fun fact: Alton Brown even named his signature bread flour Chocolate Chip Cookie recipe “The Chewy.".It all comes down to the key distinguishing factor between different types of flour: protein content.That’s because protein level plays a big role in the way your flour behaves during baking, impacting your final products.Essentially, the higher the protein content in a flour, the more gluten there is to develop when water is added.Various protein levels are suited for specific types of baking, which is why we make so many different flours.The original Buttery Snickerdoodles, made with bread flour as called for in the recipe.The final cookies turned out identical in shape and size, and upon tasting, they actually had fairly similar textures too, with slight deviations: the bread flour version was marginally more chewy, while the all-purpose cookies were a touch more tender.I like to use chocolate chunks and scoop my cookies on the large side, so they wound up a bit bigger than the recipe normally yields.The appearance of the final cookies were fairly similar; the all-purpose versions were perhaps a touch more golden-hued (most likely from their placement in my oven, and not because of the difference in flour).When it came to the taste test, I wound up with expected results: the bread flour cookies had a bendier, chewier texture than the all-purpose, which ended up moderately more tender.There are no set industry standards for protein content in flour varieties, meaning it can vary across brands.For more details on choosing the right flour for your baking, check out this previous blog post.And if you've made a batch of cookies with bread flour and are looking for other ways to use up that bag, we have a ton of recipes to get you started. .
Baking Better Cookies Through Chemistry
You make many decisions when deciding on a cookie recipe: which kind of flour, which fat, which sweetener, which leavener, whether to add liquid.Your choices determine if the cookie will be flat and crisp or soft and puffy, pale gold or deep brown.cake flour (low protein, acid)/ more steam and puff; less browning.all brown sugar (hygroscopic, acid)/ soft and moist; less spread when used with egg.Cookies made with sugars that are high in sucrose (granulated sugar and maple syrup) or glucose (corn syrup) tend to stay crisp.Sweeteners high in fructose, such as honey, act differently.Fructose is hygroscopic (meaning it absorbs water from the air), so cookies made with a lot of honey get soft upon standing.Brown sugar is also slightly acidic, so it can help limit spread in cookies using an egg.Shortening, on the other hand, melts at a higher temperature, so cookies have more time to set in the oven and will stay domed.In most cookie recipes, the amount of soda is excessive for leavening and is used primarily for color.The amount and type of liquid can influence the spread and puff of cookies.This is particularly true if there’s an acidic ingredient (such as brown sugar, cake flour, or chocolate), which makes the egg set quickly to limit spread. .
How to Substitute Self-Rising Flour Instead of All-Purpose in Cookies
Although it can't be used for delicate, flaky baked goods such as pie crusts, you can feel free to experiment with the ingredients in your favorite cookie recipes.You'll hear a lot about self-rising flour if you search for recipes to make Southern biscuits, since it's a popular product for that particular cuisine.But you don't need to reserve your bag of self-rising flour only for making tender, fluffy biscuits.While it won't work as a substitute in all baked goods, you can use self-rising flour to make cookies, as long as you understand the necessary adjustments.You'll typically only need to add wet ingredients such as eggs, vanilla extract and unsalted butter, along with sugar and extras such as chocolate chips or nuts.If you're looking to bake lighter, crunchier cookies, self-rising flour might be an ideal substitution.Beyond that, some of the leaveners may begin to weaken, leaving you with potentially flat cookies. .
Upon cookie preparation and mixing, the gluten proteins do not hydrate as quickly or develop properly like a bread system.This creates a weak, inelastic network, responsible for the tender texture of cookies, some pastries and baked goods.2.Doughs made with this flour can maintain their density, surface properties and other qualities for 6 months when stored at below freezing temperatures i.e. at -18 °C (-0.4 °F).The bran and germ are first removed from the wheat kernels, leaving the starchy endosperm for milling.Grinding cookie or pastry flour to a very fine particle size can cause starch damage and lead to dough stickiness which in turn affects the overall quality of baked cookies.Cookie flour works very well with delicate cookies such as shortbread or sugar cookies and pie crusts.The lower protein content of pastry flour strikes just the right balance of providing good structure and tenderness.3 It is also commonly used in laminated doughs, flaky pastries and other sweet goods and snacks, such as:4.Also it’s not the ideal choice for most pastries such as cinnamon buns that are made of soft and dense dough.